Sada Mire’s programmes with the Department of Antiquities
The departmental programmes include the Local Education and Safeguarding Programme (LESP), the Archival Programme (AP), the Archaeological Rescue Project (ARP) and the Public Education and Heritage Awareness Media Programme (PEHAMP). The Department is responsible for the development of the National Museums of Somaliland.
The work of the Department also includes the rebuilding and development of the National Museums and the drafting and enforcing of the National Antiquities Laws of Somaliland.
- Local Education and Safeguarding Programmes (LESP)
- Heritage Legislation
- National Inventory List
- Heritage Public Education and Awareness Media Programmes
Local Education and Safeguarding Program (LESP)The Local Education and Safeguarding Program aims at assisting communities and governmental as well as non-governmental representatives in basic knowledge of significance, protection and preservation of cultural heritage. This program was initiated by Sada Mire and it has proved crucial for the protection of sites and monuments in the regions and the local areas of archaeological significance. The department of Antiquities has recruited local people in the various areas, particularly to safe-guard the most prominent archaeological sites. This program provides capacity building for the Ministry’s staff and communities based in different areas of Somaliland.
Sada Mire gives public presentations to the communities and organises tours around the local archaeological sites. In these presentations, the communities to engage in a debate about their cultural heritage.
Heritage LegislationSada Mire drafted a preliminary policy of the Somaliland Archaeological Policy together with the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, which was agreed with the Somaliland Parliament and the President. Sada Mire further works on the recognition of international legislation for world heritage by the Somaliland government as well as national antiquities laws.
There needs to be a joined effort in the issue of protection of the national heritage of Somaliland. It calls for all relevant ministries and other governmental and non-governmental national and international agencies. Information sharing and collaboration should also extend to educational institutions such as universities and private sector.
Specially trained policeThe local education and safeguarding program (LESP) that helps the community to become aware of the significance of their cultural heritage needs to be supported by a police that is itself knowledgable about prevention of looting and destruction. The need for such a trained police organisation to successfully protect the heritage of the country is paramount. Specially trained police needs to be posted in regions such as Sanaag and Erigaabo and Awdal region, also at the airport in Hargeysa and Eerigabo and at ports cities checking archaeological objects in boats and ships, particularly Sanaag ports.
National Inventory ListThe archaeological heritage of Somaliland needs to be protected for the world and should be a part of world heritage. The survey program of the Somaliland Ministry of Tourism and Culture is working on an inventory list of Somaliland cultural heritage including sites and monuments. On this program Ms Mire is working with Mohammed Ali Abdi, survey assistant based in Hargeysa. In Sanaag and Togdheer region she is working with Ahmed Noor Saleh and Hassan Faas respectively. This is an ongoing project.
Heritage Public Education and Awareness Media ProgrammesMs. Mire works with the renowned Somali journalist Ahmed Aar of Somaliland TV among others. She has produced two programmes on the significance of archaeology and cultural heritage management. They aim to communicate the educational and economical possibilities involved the protection, preservation and research of cultural heritage resources and archaeological remains. In these programmes, Ms Mire highlighted the problem of illicit diggings of archaeological sites. She explained the archaeological excavation process to demonstrate the damage being done to archaeological knowledge creation by looters.
Points raised and explained in the two television programmes were:
- the discipline of archaeology
- the importance of archaeology to society: possibilities for education, but also problems of misuse of archaeology
- Possible benefits for the local populations from archaeological sites
- Problems currently facing Somali heritage and archaeology
- Measures that stake-holders (governments, communities, business people etc.) need to take to safeguard cultural resources