the Horn Heritage Charity
The Constitution of the CharityHorn Heritage is a voluntary, purely humanitarian, non-profit making organization. It was established 2011. It operates in all regions of Somaliland.
Mission StatementHorn Heritage (HH) organization is a non-profit, nongovernmental organization for the protection and promotion of the archaeological heritage of in the Horn of Africa. It is based in Hargeysa, in Somaliland. It works for the improvement of the quality of life of the Somaliland community through the provision of appropriate education, promotion of cultural heritage protection, research, capacity building in heritage conservation, and the creation of employment through income generating activities in the tourism industry.
Vision StatementThe HH envisages cultural heritage as a human right for all human beings. It is part of the dignity and pride of the people of the Horn. The vision of the HH is to see the cultural heritage and archaeological sites to be protected, researched and preserved for the world in many generations to come.
The ObjectivesThe HH aims are to develop and promote Somaliland's cultural heritage resources.
To this end, it carries out education, training and archaeological research projects. It develops individual and institutional capabilities, competencies, skills and understanding.
It engages in assisting of the mapping and listing of sites to create national inventory lists.
It aims to raise worldwide awareness of the significance of the Horn of Africa and the challenges to be faced.
It provides technical assistance and resource for local, national and international institutions.
It aims to conduct research projects in collaboration with international organizations, museums, professional bodies and bring expertise to Somaliland.
The Organizational StructureThe Board of Directors, the highest structure of origination, comprises of five persons who nominate the Executive Committee consisting of the Director, deputy director and department heads.
Board of DirectorsChairperson: Dr. Sada Mire
Vice Chairperson: Mrs. Ugaso Kahin Bulhan,
Treasurer: Maxamuud Sulub Hirsi
Member: Abdilahi Hussein IImaan
Member Cumar Jaamac Xaaji Cilmi
- HH promotes mutual understanding, cooperation, friendship and respect national and regional and global characters for basic human rights and equal opportunities regardless of age, gender, ethnicity or religious affiliation.
- HH is a firm believer in transparency, democracy and accountability
- HH will collaborate and work with developmental actors, governments, and grass root communities that respect the HH principles.
- HH staff are accountable and uphold good management and include the only few cultural heritage management and archaeological research experts of Somali region
- HH focuses on cultural heritage protection, preservation, conservation, recording and education
- HH encourages collaborative work with local and international institutions and stakeholders
BackgroundHorn Heritage has been established to promote the heritage of the Horn of Africa in general and that of the Somali region in particular. Very little effort has been put on the preservation of Somali cultural heritage and archaeological remains in the last century or so. The little efforts made to preserve Somali cultural heritage in the last five decades have ultimately failed. This is evident from the ways that Somali cultural heritage and archaeological research has been pursued in colonial times and postcolonial times, prior to the commencement of the civil war. It is partly due to a lack of recognition of the significance of an appropriate dialogue and communication between various groups who have an interest in the preservation of this heritage. This failure is also due to a neglect of Somali cultural heritage that has continued during the on-going civil war. In the last 20 years fighting groups have commissioned illicit diggings to finance the war, while the poverty also has led to others taking up looting and selling of artifacts. The result is one of the worst records of loss of archaeological remains in the Horn of Africa. Consequently, Somali people are losing their only source of (pre-)history.
The UN member nation-state of Somalia consists today of a war-torn society made of three new regions, these are Somaliland, Puntland and south-central Somalia. Somaliland is a break-away state with its own government which seeks an international recognition as an independent nation-state. Puntland is a semiautonomous region. Puntland and south-central Somalia are still facing instabilities due to ongoing war and piracy. Furthermore, severe poverty and prolonged droughts threaten all Somali regions. The archaeology of Somalia, Puntland and Somaliland is disappearing systematically. Some people are destroying the archaeological heritage by looting and clandestine excavations. Archaeology has become a source to feed upon. Since severe poverty mostly triggers the destruction the solution to the problem needs to be multiple. The potentials of cultural heritage resources must be highlighted to the current looters and it must be made explicit how future possibilities for education, job opportunities and tourism can benefit them in the long term.
There are both manmade and natural disasters in Somaliland that threaten the cultural heritage and archaeology.
One of the main resources of Somaliland is its archaeological heritage. However, this heritage is disappearing before receiving recording, documentation and scientific attention. People are looting sites and unplanned development (new roads, factories, houses, etc) are all contributing to the loss of cultural heritage due to lack of environmental impact assessment (EIA). Cultural heritage in Somaliland needs urgent measures of protection and scientific research.
There is no institution in Somaliland that carries out teaching of archaeology and public awareness of the significance of Somaliland's cultural heritage. Hence, much of Somaliland heritage is going through looting, destruction and neglect. There are no museums in the country and looters are selling to foreigners/diaspora who takes it Europe and the Gulf states. The natural disasters include environmental changes. Most of the archaeological sites suffer also the environmental changes; parts of the country have undergone desertification, particularly in north-eastern part of the country. Garanwaa and Tiin (Cactus) are some of the trees that are now making many parts of the country uninhabitable. For example the town of Bon (Awdal) is completely covered by tiin and this town hosts one very important archaeological site, namely, Abassa, which was the one of the biggest towns of the Awdal kingdom and also this site covered with this cuctus.
The rock art site of Dhagah Kures, near Arabsio, is now almost covered by tiin (cactus) Similarly Laas Geel is struggling with this tiin too. Hence there are human-made and natural disasters facing the heritage of the country.
HH Organizational ProgramsResource - support institution building and co-operation between national and international institutions; assist the mapping of all monuments and sites of Somaliland and assist the creation of Somaliland National Heritage Law
Conservation - The sites are monuments will receive adequate conservation
Research - academic studies will be carried out on archaeology and history; production of site management plans for the protection of sites
Education and Training - train governmental and local agencies and interested bodies and individual
Awareness - Media and public outreach, presentation (international and national) will be pursued constantly to raise the profile and alert and inform
Museum development - A centre in Hargeysa will be build for scientific research facility, storage and education (schools, universities and the public)
Publication - reports, books, articles, reports, newsletters, films and photos will be produced and disseminated through publication in print, broadcast and through lectures and outreach.
ContactHorn Heritage Organization
Ahmed Dhagah Area,
www.hornheritage.org (dedicated website to open soon)